Frontier Geophysical Surveys|

Direct identification of substances at extraordinary depths.
Remote Sensing Survey REMOTE SENSING
On-Site Survey ON-SITE SURVEY

Multispectral Remote Sensing

Quantum physics
applied to subsurface exploration.

GeoResonance Remote Sensing is a revolutionary technology for exploring the Earth from outer space to identify and locate hydrocarbons, groundwater, gold, and other Earth mineral deposits.

At the core of GeoResonance Remote Sensing is the study of interaction between the targeted substance and radiated energy. All subsurface deposits generate energy and leave unique Spectral Signatures, which can be registered by satellite photographs.

GeoResonance Remote Sensing surveys are based on the processing of analogue multispectral images that are captured by specialised film-return satellites. GeoResonance Remote Sensing surveys are carried out at the GeoResonance research facility by our dedicated multidisciplinary team of scientists and geophysicists. Upon completion, the Remote Sensing Survey Report is delivered to the client.

Remote Sensing Survey

Technology Concept

The concept of GeoResonance Remote Sensing could be described by four steps:

  1. Determine the resonance spectra (Spectral Signature) which can be used to reliably identify the targeted substance.
  2. Obtain analogue multispectral images, which had captured electromagnetic information above the surface of the surveyed territory.
  3. Process multispectral images to extract the targeted Spectral Signature from the captured EM information, to identify anomalous zones and their characteristics.
  4. Capture the identified information about the targeted substance in a geographical information system (GIS).
GeoResonance Remote Sensing workflow

Survey Workflow

The workflow of the GeoResonance Remote Sensing survey depends on the scope of client's requirements. In general, a survey goes through the following phases:

  1. Spectroscopy of targeted samples to determine their chemical composition.
  2. Determine targeted Spectral Signatures.
  3. Earth Remote Sensing. Obtain analogue multispectral images of the survey area.
  4. Radiochemical processing of the imagery in the GeoResonance research facility.
  5. Repeated processing of the imagery to determine all parameters required by the survey.
  6. Produce the Remote Sensing Survey Report.
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Mineral Prospectivity Assessment
Remote Sensing Reconnaissance of any territory in weeks.
LEGEND:
Hydrocarbons Survey - Hydrocarbon surveys
Minerals Survey - Mineral surveys
Groundwater Survey - Groundwater and geothermal surveys

CAPABILITY

DESCRIPTION

APPLICATION

Survey of any terrain Remote Sensing surveys can be undertaken onshore or offshore, in deserts and forests, or in mountainous areas.
Minimum size of survey area - 100 km2.
Maximum size of survey area - virtually unlimited.
Direct identification of substance Characteristic Spectral Signatures of targeted substances are used for reliable and unambiguous detection.
High sensitivity Subsurface substances with concentrations of 1 - 1.5 g/t are detected by Remote Sensing.
Sensing depths down to 5,000 m Accumulations of subsurface targeted substances can be reliably identified at 5,000 m depths for hydrocarbons and 1,500 m depths for minerals and groundwater.
Identification of Deposit Type Anomalies (DTA) DTA is a projection of targeted subsurface accumulation(s) on the surface of the Earth. GeoResonance reports contours of anomalous zones, their area sizes and distribution of the intensity of anomalous signals.
Identification of Effective Deposit Type Anomalies Effective anomaly is an area inside the identified DTA with the highest volumes of targeted substance. Contours and area size of Effective DTAs are reported by GeoResonance.
Evaluation of occurrence depths Occurrence depths are estimated at Test Points, which are selected inside DTAs, in the areas of high intensity of anomalous signals. True Vertical Depths to the top and bottom of each horizon are reported.
Estimation of reservoir pressure Reservoir pressure inside identified hydrocarbon anomalies is reported on GeoResonance isoline maps.
Evaluation of oil-water and gas-water contacts Oil-water and gas-water contacts are evaluated at Test Points and reported for each identified hydrocarbon anomaly.
Identification of the direction of migration Directions of migration of subsurface fluids in aquifers are studied and reported by GeoResonance.
Modelling of deposit cross-sections Cross-sections of identified anomalous zones are constructed based on the depths measurements at Test Points.
Identification of decompression zones and geological faults Location and orientation of identified geological faults and decompression zones are reported on GeoResonance topographic maps.
Geothermal investigation Thermal infrared remote sensing of the survey territory is carried out to map surface temperature anomalies.
High accuracy The accuracy depends on the resolution of analogue multispectral images, which are studied during the survey. Depth estimation errors are within ± 1 - 3.5 %.
Recommendations for further exploration and drilling GeoResonance Remote Sensing identifies areas of highest intensity of anomalous signals and highest volumes of targeted substances, to ensure successful exploration.
Survey results can be reported on maps of any scale Depending on your requirements and specifications, results can be reported on 1:500, 1:1,000 large scale maps and down to 1:250,000 scale maps.
Fast execution Survey duration depends on the size of the search area and number of targeted commodities. Remote Sensing survey of 1,000 km2 may take between 7 and 12 weeks.
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GeoResonance On-Site Surveys
Anywhere. High or low. Hot or cold.

On-Site Survey

Spectroscopy taken to
unprecedented depths.

GeoResonance On-Site Survey is a synthesis of geophysical techniques for the study of occurrences of hydrocarbons, groundwater and mineral deposits in the Earth’s crust. To eliminate ambiguities, we employ a number of proprietary technologies for direct identification of materials at 5,000 - 6,000 metre depths.

During the field works, the GeoResonance On-Site Survey Team of 3-6 experts visits the survey area to take measurements within anomalous zones that have been previously identified by GeoResonance Remote Sensing. The measured data is taken to the GeoResonance research facilities for further study and analysis. Upon completion, the On-Site Survey Report is delivered to the client.

On-Site Survey

Technology Concept

Unambiguous identification of a substance can only be based upon reliable detection of its unique atomic structure. Modern science employs spectroscopy techniques to study atomic properties. Spectroscopies measure radiation intensity as a function of wavelength. Atoms have unique resonance spectra (the Spectral Signature), which can be used to detect them.

The concept of the GeoResonance On-Site Survey can be briefly summarised as:

  1. Determine the resonance spectra (Spectral Signature) which can be used to reliably identify the targeted substance.
  2. On location, send the narrow-beam resonance signal into the subsurface.
  3. If the beam intersects atoms of the targeted substance, its perturbed nuclei start resonating at characteristic frequencies (Spectral Signature), which are detected by GeoResonance instrumentation at the surface.
  4. The absence of the Spectral Signature response at the surface manifests the absence of the targeted material in the subsurface.
GeoResonance Remote Sensing workflow

Survey Workflow

The workflow of the GeoResonance On-Site Survey depends on the scope of client's requirements. In general, a survey goes through the following phases:

  1. Determine resonance frequencies (Spectral Signatures) of the targeted subsurface substances.
  2. Calibration of the mobile equipment.
  3. Deployment of the GeoResonance survey team to the survey area.
  4. Perform a series of measurements inside Deposit Type Anomalies.
  5. Data analysis and interpretation at the GeoResonance Research facility.
  6. Produce the On-Site Survey Report.
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Mineral Mapping
Subsurface exploration has never been so definitive.
LEGEND:
Hydrocarbons Survey - Hydrocarbon surveys
Minerals Survey - Mineral surveys
Groundwater Survey - Groundwater and geothermal surveys

CAPABILITY

DESCRIPTION

APPLICATION

Ease of deployment in all terrain types The GeoResonance On-Site Survey Team is very mobile, as the combined weight of the equipments is less than 45 kg. On-Site Surveys can be undertaken onshore or offshore, in deserts, forests, in mountainous areas.
Direct identification of substances Mobile GeoResonance equipment detects characteristic Spectral Signatures of targeted substances to ensure reliable and unambiguous identification.
High sensitivity Subsurface substances with concentrations of 1 g/t are detected by On-Site Survey equipment.
Sensing depths down to 6,000 m Accumulations of subsurface targeted substances can be reliably identified at 5,000 m depths for hydrocarbons, 1,500 m depths for minerals and 4,000 m depths for groundwater.
Identification of Deposit Type Anomalies (DTA) DTA is a projection of targeted subsurface accumulation(s) on the surface of the Earth. GeoResonance reports contours of anomalous zones, their area sizes and distribution of the intensity of anomalous signals.
Identification of Effective Deposit Type Anomalies Effective anomaly is an area inside the identified DTA with the highest volumes of targeted substance. Contours and area size of Effective DTAs are reported by GeoResonance.
Measurement of occurrence depths Occurrence depths are determined at Measurement Points, which are selected inside DTAs. True Vertical Depths to the top and bottom of each horizon are reported.
Determination of reservoir rock types Based on Spectral Signatures of the samples of indigenous rocks, reservoir rock types can be determined at Measurement Points.
Measurement of reservoir pressure Reservoir pressure inside identified hydrocarbon anomalies is reported on GeoResonance isoline maps.
Measurement of reservoir temperature Reservoir temperature is determined at the Measurement Points inside identified groundwater and geothermal anomalies.
Determination of oil-water and gas-water contacts Oil-water and gas-water contacts are determined at Measurement Points.
Virtual Boreholes Occurrences of targeted substances and major litholigic units are determined at Measurement Points.
Modelling of deposit cross-sections Cross-sections of identified anomalous zones are constructed based on the virtual boreholes data determined at Measurement Points.
Identification of decompression zones and geological faults Location and orientation of identified geological faults and decompression zones are reported on GeoResonance topographic maps.
Identification of the direction of migration Directions of migration of subsurface fluids in aquifers are studied and reported by GeoResonance.
Estimation of in-place resources and reserves Data collected at Measurement Points is used to model subsurface deposits and estimate original oil in place, original gas in place, inferred mineral resources and groundwater resources.
Selection of locations for drilling of exploration wells Locations of exploration wells are selected in the areas of highest intensity of anomalous signals and highest volumes of targeted substances.
High accuracy The accuracy depends on the resolution of analogue multispectral images, which are studied during the survey. Depth estimation errors are within ± 1-5 metres.
Recommendations for further exploration GeoResonance On-Site Surveys identify areas of highest intensity of anomalous signals and highest volumes of targeted substances, to ensure successful exploration.
Survey results can be reported on maps of any scale Depending on your requirements and specifications, results can be reported on 1:500, 1:1,000 large scale maps and down to 1:100,000 scale maps.
Fast execution Survey duration depends on the size of the search area and number of targeted commodities. On-Site Survey of 1,000 km2 may take between 8 and 11 weeks.
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